Diagnosing Periodontal Disease with Port Perry Dental
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is diagnosed during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.
A periodontal probe is gently used to measure the sulcus, the pocket or space, between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.
Port Perry Dental Associates will consider your pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation and tooth mobility to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below;
Gingivitis (Stage 1)
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed and likely to bleed.
Periodontitis (Stage 2)
Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
Advanced Periodontitis (Stage 3)
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.
Keep in mind, gum disease is treatable. Our dentists will discuss your gum disease treatment and maintenance options. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.